King David II (1324-1371)
David was Robert
the Bruce's> only surviving son, born in 1324 when Bruce was aged 50, and
he was only five years old when his father died. At the age four, he was
married to Joan, sister of Edward
Edward Balliol (son of King John Balliol who had been overthrown by King
Robert), supported by a number of nobles who had been disinherited by Robert
the Bruce, soon started a rebellion. In August 1332 at the Battle of Dupplin Moor, near
The young King David was driven into exile in
In response to an appeal for help from
David ruled with authority and included burgesses as well as nobles in the Parliament and trade increased during his rule. But he is frowned on for pushing the idea of a union of the Scottish and English crowns (in part to repay the ransom) but he also spent much of his time on self-indulgent fancies.
David married a second time, to Margaret Drummond, but he died in Edinburgh Castle> in February 1371 without legitimate issue. He was no doubt disappointed that he was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II>, son of Walter the 6th High Steward of Scotland and the founder of the Stewart dynasty. For many years he had regarded his nephew with considerable suspicion as Robert was a son of Marjorie Bruce, a daughter of King Robert I, and thus had a legitimate claim to the throne.